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Miércoles 30 Enero

Mirar los ejemplos de los selectores de CSS pinchando sobre cada selector se abrirá una ventana con un ejemplo aclaratorio, esto nos servirá para poder seleccionar de forma más precisa los elementos HTML a los que queremos dar formato en nuestra plantilla de wordpress. Los más importantes y que debemos utilizar están marcados en verde.

Selector Example Example description
.class

.intro

Selects all elements with class=»intro»
#id

#firstname

Selects the element with id=»firstname»
*

*

Selects all elements
element

p

Selects all <p> elements
element,element

div, p

Selects all <div> elements and all <p> elements
element element

div p

Selects all <p> elements inside <div> elements
element>element

div > p

Selects all <p> elements where the parent is a <div> element
element+element

div + p

Selects all <p> elements that are placed immediately after <div> elements
element1~element2 p ~ ul Selects every <ul> element that are preceded by a <p> element
[attribute]

[target]

Selects all elements with a target attribute
[attribute=value] [target=_blank] Selects all elements with target=»_blank»
[attribute~=value] [title~=flower] Selects all elements with a title attribute containing the word «flower»
[attribute|=value] [lang|=en] Selects all elements with a lang attribute value starting with «en»
[attribute^=value] a[href^=»https»] Selects every <a> element whose href attribute value begins with «https»
[attribute$=value] a[href$=».pdf»] Selects every <a> element whose href attribute value ends with «.pdf»
[attribute*=value] a[href*=»w3schools»] Selects every <a> element whose href attribute value contains the substring «w3schools»
:active

a:active

Selects the active link
::after p::after Insert something after the content of each <p> element
::before p::before Insert something before the content of each <p> element
:checked input:checked Selects every checked <input> element
:default input:default Selects the default <input> element
:disabled input:disabled Selects every disabled <input> element
:empty p:empty Selects every <p> element that has no children (including text nodes)
:enabled input:enabled Selects every enabled <input> element
:first-child

p:first-child

Selects every <p> element that is the first child of its parent
::first-letter

p::first-letter

Selects the first letter of every <p> element
::first-line p::first-line Selects the first line of every <p> element
:first-of-type p:first-of-type Selects every <p> element that is the first <p> element of its parent
:focus input:focus Selects the input element which has focus
:hover

a:hover

Selects links on mouse over
:in-range input:in-range Selects input elements with a value within a specified range
:indeterminate input:indeterminate Selects input elements that are in an indeterminate state
:invalid input:invalid Selects all input elements with an invalid value
:lang(language) p:lang(it) Selects every <p> element with a lang attribute equal to «it» (Italian)
:last-child p:last-child Selects every <p> element that is the last child of its parent
:last-of-type p:last-of-type Selects every <p> element that is the last <p> element of its parent
:link a:link Selects all unvisited links
:not(selector) :not(p) Selects every element that is not a <p> element
:nth-child(n) p:nth-child(2) Selects every <p> element that is the second child of its parent
:nth-last-child(n) p:nth-last-child(2) Selects every <p> element that is the second child of its parent, counting from the last child
:nth-last-of-type(n) p:nth-last-of-type(2) Selects every <p> element that is the second <p> element of its parent, counting from the last child
:nth-of-type(n) p:nth-of-type(2) Selects every <p> element that is the second <p> element of its parent
:only-of-type p:only-of-type Selects every <p> element that is the only <p> element of its parent
:only-child p:only-child Selects every <p> element that is the only child of its parent
:optional input:optional Selects input elements with no «required» attribute
:out-of-range input:out-of-range Selects input elements with a value outside a specified range
::placeholder input::placeholder Selects input elements with placeholder text
:read-only input:read-only Selects input elements with the «readonly» attribute specified
:read-write input:read-write Selects input elements with the «readonly» attribute NOT specified
:required input:required Selects input elements with the «required» attribute specified
:root :root Selects the document’s root element
::selection ::selection Selects the portion of an element that is selected by a user
:target #news:target Selects the current active #news element (clicked on a URL containing that anchor name)
:valid input:valid Selects all input elements with a valid value
:visited

a:visited

Selects all visited links

 

Chuleta de MarkDown

Block, inline, inline-block

Float elementos

Juego CSS

Ejercicios

1ª EVALUACIÓN miércoles 28-11 19:15
  1. 10% asistencia
  2. 40% programas y trabajos en Github:
    • contenido completo
    • contenido exacto
    • presentación
  3. 50% examen

 

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